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NCJ Number: 158643 Find in a Library
Title: Children With Disabilities (From Reason to Hope: A Psychosocial Perspective on Violence & Youth, P 197-213, 1994, Leonard D Eron, Jacquelyn H Gentry, et al., eds. -- See NCJ-158633)
Author(s): J C Levey; V K Lagos
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: American Psychological Assoc
Washington, DC 20002-4242
Sale Source: American Psychological Assoc
750 First Street, NE
Washington, DC 20002-4242
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Recent research and literature is reviewed on the vulnerability of children with disabilities to physical abuse, sexual abuse, or both.
Abstract: The Developmental Disabilities and Bill of Rights Act defines a developmentally disabled child as one who is physically or mentally impaired, manifests the disability before 22 years of age, and is likely to be affected indefinitely. The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act defines child abuse and neglect as the physical or mental injury, sexual abuse, or exploitation of a child. Definitional issues, however, limit an accurate assessment of the prevalence of abuse, not only in children with disabilities but also in the general population. One study indicates the incidence of maltreatment of children with disabilities is 1.7 times greater than for children without disabilities. Other studies exploring the prevalence and type of abuse perpetrated against children with disabilities report conflicting data and highlight difficulties in the diagnosis of abuse in children with disabilities. The vulnerability of disabled children to physical abuse and sexual assault is addressed in terms of child factors, parental factors, interactional factors, and theoretical models. Treatment and prevention program approaches are described, areas for further research are suggested, and public policy recommendations are offered. 63 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Abused children; Child abuse prevention; Child abuse treatment; Child Sexual Abuse; Child victims; Children at risk; Minors with Disabilities; Sexual assault victims
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