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NCJ Number: 158651 Find in a Library
Title: Present Status and Future Directions for Psychological Research on Youth Violence (From Reason to Hope: A Psychosocial Perspective on Violence & Youth, P 435-445, 1994, Leonard D Eron, Jacquelyn H Gentry, et al., eds. -- See NCJ-158633)
Author(s): J V Becker; J Barham; L D Eron; S A Chen
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: American Psychological Assoc
Washington, DC 20002-4242
Sale Source: American Psychological Assoc
750 First Street, NE
Washington, DC 20002-4242
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Psychologists have made significant strides over the past 50 years in understanding multiple etiologies of youth violence, but further research is recommended.
Abstract: Violent and aggressive behavior in children and youth is an outgrowth of historical, ecological, cultural, demographic, biological, and psychological risk factors, many of which have been studied by psychologists and other scientists. Research demonstrates that multiple and varied processes place children on a particular developmental pathway that may lead to violence. Further, economic and social disorganization in communities promotes family disequilibrium. Weak bonding to caretakers in infancy and ineffective parenting techniques, including lack of supervision, inconsistent discipline, and failure to reinforce prosocial behavior in young children, may lead to poor peer relations and high aggression levels. Future directions in psychological research need to focus on the integration of culturally diverse perspectives, universal definitions associated with youth aggression and violence and child abuse, the establishment of common variables and measurement instruments, effective intervention and treatment strategies, and program evaluation and outcome measures. In the area of youth violence prevention, recommendations are offered that focus on interventions and on the complex influences of racial, ethnic, and cultural differences. 2 references
Main Term(s): Victims of violent crime
Index Term(s): Aggression; Biological influences; Children at risk; Cultural influences; Psychological research; Society-crime relationships; Sociological analyses; Violence causes; Violence prevention; Violent juvenile offenders
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