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NCJ Number: 158672 Find in a Library
Title: Spanish Attempt to Build a Democratic Criminal Justice System (From Western European Penal Systems: A Critical Anatomy, P 149-168, 1995, Vincenzo Ruggiero, Mick Ryan, and Joe Sim, eds. - See NCJ-158665)
Author(s): R Bergalli
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications Ltd
London, EC2A 4PU, England
Sale Source: Sage Publications Ltd
6 Bonhill Street
London, EC2A 4PU,
United Kingdom
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: Spain's correctional system is examined with respect to its history, current structure and operations, trends in policies and offender characteristics.
Abstract: Until Spain's transition from dictatorship to democracy starting in the late 1970's, the criminal justice system emphasized repressive measures, including the indiscriminate use of capital punishment and imprisonment, largely with solitary confinement. The constitution has abolished the death penalty and torture, specifies proportionality of punishment, and supports the principle of rehabilitation. Prison overcrowding is a major issue and has led to constant debate about three wider issues: alternatives to institutionalization, the handling of inmates with HIV and AIDS, and the treatment of drug-dependent offenders. Although the proposed reform of the Penal Code may change the situation, the country currently lacks adequate alternatives to incarceration. Since 1983, it has been possible to conditionally release inmates to obtain drug treatment, but the many problems with this provision has made it ineffective in addressing the major problem of inmate drug abuse. In addition, AIDS and HIV have spread rapidly in correctional institutions, but seriously ill inmates endure lengthy delays before drugs release them into the community for care in ordinary hospitals. Nevertheless, the Spanish criminal justice system is currently examining its components based on a broad array of perspectives rather than the legal one alone. Tables, note, and 29 references
Main Term(s): Corrections in foreign countries
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; Corrections policies; Spain
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