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NCJ Number: 158673 Find in a Library
Title: Normalization of Swedish Prisons (From Western European Penal Systems: A Critical Anatomy, P 169-193, 1995, Vincenzo Ruggiero, Mick Ryan, and Joe Sim, eds. - See NCJ-158665)
Author(s): K Leander
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications Ltd
London, EC2A 4PU, England
Sale Source: Sage Publications Ltd
6 Bonhill Street
London, EC2A 4PU,
United Kingdom
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: Sweden has long been acclaimed for its humane correctional policies, but polices shifted in the 1980's and 1990's toward more restrictive and sometimes repressive policies.
Abstract: However, the increasing use of imprisonment, from 13 percent of all sentences in 1975 to 20 percent in the early 1990's, was a trend well in place before the right-center political bloc came to power. Nevertheless, the overall prison population has remained fairly stable through the 1980's. In 1993, fines (police, prosecutorial, and court) accounted for 85 percent of all criminal dispositions, followed by prison (4 percent), waivers of prosecution (4 percent), conditional sentences (3 percent), probation (2 percent), and other sanctions (1 percent). Alternatives to prison include community service, contract drug treatment with probation, and intensive probation supervision. Most prison sentences are for rape, murder, manslaughter, aggravated robbery, and aggravated drug and smuggling offenses. Currently, Sweden is experiencing fundamental change. A shift is occurring from the values of solidarity and inclusion in the Swedish model of imprisonment to the punitive and exclusionary philosophy characterizing the debate today. Tables and 40 references
Main Term(s): Corrections in foreign countries
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; Corrections policies; Sweden
Note: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, International Crime Statistics Program
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