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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 158844 Find in a Library
Title: Outcome Evaluation of Jail-Based Drug Treatment: Effects on Recidivism
Author(s): S L Tunis
Corporate Author: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
United States of America
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
Oakland, CA 94612
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 91-DD-CX-K052
Sale Source: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
1970 Broadway, Suite 500
Oakland, CA 94612
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This document evaluates five substance abuse programs for jail inmates in New York and California. The author attempts to determine whether these programs influenced recidivism in the year following jail release.
Abstract: The following programs were evaluated: (1) Jail Education and Treatment (JET), Santa Clara County, CA; (2) Deciding, Educating, Understanding, Counseling and Evaluation (DEUCE), Contra Costa County, CA; (3) Rebuilding, Educating, Awareness, Counseling and Hope (REACH), Los Angeles County, CA; (4) Substance Abuse Intervention Division (SAID), New York, NY; and (5) New Beginnings, Westchester County, NY. Comparison of program participants with control groups, disclosed, inter alia, that: (1) controls were significantly more likely than program participants to be reconvicted at least once; (2) the proportion with two or more convictions was almost identical for the two groups; and (3) the three California programs had better outcomes than did the two in New York, displaying modest yet consistent evidence that jail drug treatment is associated with lower chances of recidivism during the follow-up period. The author also examined recidivism probabilities with regard to gender, recent conviction history, age, race/ethnicity, prior drug use, type of program termination, and length of time in program. Tables, figure, references, endnotes
Main Term(s): Corrections
Index Term(s): California; Controlled Substances; Conviction records; Drug abuse; Drug treatment programs; New York; Police; Program evaluation; Recidivism; Statistics
Note: Focus, September 1995
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