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NCJ Number: 158933 Find in a Library
Title: Epidemiology and Patterns of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use
Journal: Psychiatric Annals  Volume:22  Issue:1  Dated:(January 1992)  Pages:7-8,11-18
Author(s): C E Yesalis
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 10
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Over 100 substances, including 17 anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS), are banned by the International Olympic Committee but AAS use continues by certain individuals who want to improve their physical ability and enhance prospects for winning a particular Olympic event.
Abstract: As synthetic derivatives of the male sex hormone testosterone, anabolic steroids are traditionally taken in cycles of 6 to 12 weeks duration. Some athletes, however, use them on relatively continuous basis and increase the dose at certain times to prepare for a competition. Athletes often take more than one steroid at a time, which is referred to as "stacking." The purported rationale for stacking is that the user will activate more receptor sites than if only one steroid is used. Athletes primarily use oral and intramuscular forms of AAS, and most who use AAS to enhance athletic performance and physical appearance obtain the drugs illicitly. The epidemiology of AAS use and drug testing requirements of the International Olympic Committee are reviewed, and surveys measuring the prevalence of AAS use are reported. 44 references and 5 tables
Main Term(s): Drug use
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Illegal dispensing of licit drugs; Steroids
Note: DCC
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