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NCJ Number: 158985 Find in a Library
Title: Risk-Needs Assessment and Treatment Inquiry (From Choosing Correctional Options That Work: Defining the Demand and Evaluating the Supply, P 18-32, 1996, Alan T Harland, ed. -- See NCJ-158983)
Author(s): J Bonta
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter shows that offender risk assessment, along with other forms of assessment, is not only related to rehabilitation but is essential for good correctional practices.
Abstract: The assessment of offenders has long been appreciated as an essential function for those who work with offenders. Offender assessment can currently be divided into three "generations." "First-generation" assessments involve the collection of information on offenders and their situations and then interpreting this information based on practitioner knowledge and experience. "Second-generation" assessments involve the use of objective, empirically based offender risk assessments. In such assessments, weights are assigned to various items on risk scales. Risk-needs assessments constitute the "third generation" of assessment. These classification instruments go beyond statistical risk prediction, in which the major purpose is to make decisions about the degree of freedom granted an offender. There is an acceptance of the need to deliver rehabilitation services if risk is to be managed effectively. Recent research has identified a category of needs referred to as criminogenic. Criminogenic needs are linked to criminal behavior; altering these needs changes the likelihood of criminal behavior. The author recommends six steps for guiding the future direction of risk-needs assessment. 6 tables
Main Term(s): Corrections decisionmaking
Index Term(s): Diagnostic and reception processing; Offender classification; Treatment offender matching
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