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NCJ Number: 158997 Find in a Library
Title: Organization and Structure (From Probation Round the World: A Comparative Study, P 121-132, 1995, Koichi Hamai et al, eds. -- See NCJ-158993)
Author(s): K Hamai; R Ville
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Routledge
New York, NY 10017
Sale Source: Routledge
711 Third Ave.
New York, NY 10017
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This chapter considers the size and structure of the probation systems of 11 countries, how they are located within the criminal justice system in terms of employment status, and probation officers' relationship with the courts.
Abstract: The countries for which information is provided are Australia (New South Wales, South Australia, and Western Australia), Canada, Hungary, Israel, Japan, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Sweden, England and Wales, and Scotland. One table shows the size of each probation workforce and the population per probation employee. A figure indicates the proportion of probation staff that are probation officers, secretariat/administration, and "other." Two figures show the proportion of female probation officers and the proportion of female management staff in each country. The rest of the chapter examines, country by country, the balance struck in different systems between probation officers being "servants of the court" and "professional advisers." Also examined are the role probation officers play in providing sentencers with court reports that give advice and information, as well as the value placed by sentencers on such advice. Probation officers in most of the countries provide services to sentencers and are accountable to the court, but are neither employees of the court nor formally contracted to the court. 3 figures and 2 tables
Main Term(s): Corrections in foreign countries
Index Term(s): Australia; Canada; England; Foreign probation or parole services; Hungary; Israel; Japan; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Probation; Scotland; Sweden; Wales
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