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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 159027 Find in a Library
Title: Effect of Prenatal and Infancy Nurse Home Visitation on Government Spending
Journal: Medical Care  Volume:31  Issue:2  Dated:(February 1993)  Pages:155-174
Author(s): D L Olds; C R Henderson; C Phelps; H Kitzman; C Hanks
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 20
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study analyzed the impact of improvements in maternal and child health care, as provided through a nurse home visitation program, on government savings, and compared the savings to the incremental cost of the program.
Abstract: Four hundred pregnant women were assigned to one of four treatment conditions, which all provided health and developmental screening for children at ages 1 and 2 years. Group 2 also received free transportation to regular prenatal and well-child visits; Group 3 received transportation and nurse home visitation during pregnancy; and Group 4 received transportation, and nurse home visitation during pregnancy and the child's first two years of life. The results showed that, by the time the children were 4 years old, the net cost of the program for the sample as a whole was $1,582, and for low-income families, the net cost was -$180. These savings were a result of treatment differences in government expenditures for welfare assistance, minus tax revenues due to maternal employment. This analysis did not take into account the health and social benefits of the program to individuals. 4 tables, 1 figure, 32 references, and 1 appendix
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Juvenile health services; Low income target groups; Welfare services
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