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NCJ Number: 159126 Find in a Library
Title: Criminality Among Women: A Brief Review of the Literature
Journal: Journal of Offender Rehabilitation  Volume:22  Issue:3/4  Dated:(1995)  Pages:33-53
Author(s): R L Patterson
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 21
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article briefly reviews the research literature on criminality among women according to four categories: (1) theories related to understanding causes and the extent of women's criminality; (2) research on personality profiles and traits of female prison inmates; (3) studies of demographic and background characteristics of convicted women; and (4) correctional treatment programs used with women and their reported outcomes.
Abstract: Until the mid-19th Century, the study of female criminality was virtually nonexistent. Theoretical research on criminality among women began with the development of sociology as a science and social reform movements. The beginning of empirical research on female criminality can probably be credited to Lombroso's work on female offenders. More contemporary research focuses on masculinity, opportunity, economic marginalization, and chivalry theses. Research on personal and demographic characteristics of female inmates is reviewed, and the basis for correctional treatment programs is discussed. The author notes that research on the treatment of female inmates shares many of the same inadequacies as research on the treatment of male inmates and recommends further basic research on the problem of female criminality. 67 references
Main Term(s): Criminology theory evaluation
Index Term(s): Corrections research; Crime causes theory; Criminal justice research; Demographic analysis of crime; Female inmates; Female offenders; Offender profiles; Personality assessment
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