skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 159155 Find in a Library
Title: Adult Protective Services Perspective
Journal: Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect  Volume:7  Issue:2/3  Dated:special issue (1995)  Pages:69-87
Author(s): P M Mixson
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 19
Type: Training (Aid/Material)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter discusses the development of adult protective services (APS) programs in the United States in relation to Federal law and policy, depicting the variety in such programs among the States; it then describes ethical values and protocols as well as systemic constraints in public agency practice.
Abstract: APS, as used in this chapter, refers to publicly funded programs that investigate and intervene in reports of abuse, neglect, and exploitation of adults who are physically or mentally impaired and unable to protect themselves from harm. APS in the United States apparently originated in 1958 when the National Council of Aging created an ad hoc committee of social workers to "discuss the potential nationwide need for some type of protective service for elderly persons. Although the Federal Government had funded six protective service programs for the elderly by 1968, a U.S. Senate special committee identified fewer than 20 community protective services programs. The next milestone in the development of APS occurred in 1975, when Congress enacted Title XX of the Social Security Act to strengthen the delivery of social services in the States. to receive Title XX funds, States were required to provide protective services to children, elderly people, and adults with disabilities who were reported to be abused, neglected, or exploited. The Federal support anticipated after the passage of Title XX did not materialize, however, until late in the following decade. After the 1984 amendments to the Older Americans Act mentioned the need for a national study of elder abuse, the 1987 amendments authorized a $5 million appropriation for an elder abuse prevention program. Congress, however, did not appropriate funds for the prevention of elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation until 1991 and thereafter through the 1992 reauthorization of the Older Americans Act. This chapter's discussion of APS in the public agency focuses on variety among programs, practice guidelines, systemic constraints on ethical practice in the public agency, competing values in APS practice, and balancing autonomy and protection. The author then discusses APS ethical concepts and issues as applied to the three case examples, illustrating the need for multidisciplinary cooperation and coordination to gather the information and resources necessary to resolve the presenting problems. 13 references
Main Term(s): Elderly victims
Index Term(s): Elder Abuse; Interagency cooperation; Professional conduct and ethics
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.