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NCJ Number: 159204 Find in a Library
Title: Using Similarity Judgments To Conduct a Mugshot Album Search
Journal: Law and Human Behavior  Volume:19  Issue:6  Dated:(December 1995)  Pages:649-661
Author(s): A M Levi; N Jungman; A Ginton; A Aperman; G Noble
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 13
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A new system for conducting a mugshot search was tested three times to determine whether it would improve the effectiveness of these efforts at suspect identification.
Abstract: The research was prompted by the awareness that mugshot searches fail because the witness must be shown too many photographs. Current methods to reduce the number rely too heavily on verbal reports of individual features. The new system augments the presently used tools by having the witness choose photographs that are subjectivity similar to the person being sought. Each photo thus chosen increases the ranging of every photo in the album that is similar to it, as determined by a similarity network in which the album photos are embedded. Because the ranking of the target itself is usually increased by this method, it is soon displayed. The research participants were 25 men and 25 women serving at the Israel police national headquarters. The tests used familiar targets, an incidental one, and unfamiliar videotaped ones. Results revealed that 76-84 percent of the mock witnesses reached the target, having viewed many times fewer photos than they would if they had simply leafed through photos as is commonly done. Footnotes and 33 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Police policies and procedures
Index Term(s): Facial Recognition/Recall; Israel; Mug shots; Photographic analyses; Suspect identification
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