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NCJ Number: 159334 Find in a Library
Title: Limited Promise of Public Health Methodologies To Prevent Youth Violence
Journal: Yale Law Journal  Volume:103  Issue:7  Dated:(May 1994)  Pages:1885-1912
Author(s): H Ruttenberg
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 28
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This analysis of efforts to prevent juvenile violence argues that the public health model, like the criminal justice system, is unsuited to improving the basic social conditions that appear to underlie much violent behavior and that this model can be much more effective in reducing the lethality of violence than in preventing it.
Abstract: Using the public health model to address the incidence of violence is difficult because the vulnerabilities exist in the aggressor, who is also the pathogen, rather than in the victim. Both the public health model and the criminal justice system are poorly suited to improving social conditions such as poverty, joblessness, and lack of family and community supports that appear to contribute to much violent behavior. However, the public health community has the capacity to collect violence data, identify violence risk factors, and educate the public about the risks associated with firearms. It can also help reduce the lethality of violent behavior by addressing the lethality of firearms. Reducing the incidence of violence will require a concerted and committed effort to change underlying societal factors and provide children and youth with positive alternatives and environments and a reinvigorated sense of the future. Footnotes
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Criminology; Violence causes; Violence prevention
Note: Youth, Guns, and Violence
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