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NCJ Number: 159551 Find in a Library
Title: Conceptual, Practical, and Empirical Issues Associated With Eyewitness Identification Test Media (From Adult Eyewitness Testimony: Current Trends and Developments, P 163-181, 1994, David Frank Ross, et al, eds. -- See NCJ-159543)
Author(s): B L Cutler; G L Berman; S Penrod; R P Fisher
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Cambridge University Press
New York, NY 10011-4211
Sale Source: Cambridge University Press
Journal Division
40 West 20th Street
New York, NY 10011-4211
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In attempts to devise methods for improving the accuracy of eyewitness identification, certain research studies have focused on the role of the identification test medium (ITM), particularly on whether the identification test consists of a live lineup, a videotaped lineup, or a photo array.
Abstract: Traditionally, identification tests have consisted of live lineups or photo arrays, but videotaped lineups are becoming more prevalent due to the accessibility of high quality, expensive, and user-friendly audiovisual technology. Conceptual distinctions pertinent to and practical considerations associated with ITM are examined, and empirical studies that directly compare identification performance as a function of ITM are reviewed. The authors conclude that ITM effects vary considerably and that further research is necessary to examine the significance of differences between live lineups, videotaped lineups, and photo arrays in identification performance. 15 references and 10 tables
Main Term(s): Science and Technology
Index Term(s): Court research; Criminology; Evidence; Eyewitness memory; Eyewitness testimony; Facial Recognition/Recall; Line-up; Police; Suspect identification; Witness credibility
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