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NCJ Number: 159589 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Ten Years of Methadone Maintenance Treatment: Some Clinical Observations
Journal: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse  Volume:4  Issue:4  Dated:(1977)  Pages:543-553
Author(s): P Cushman Jr
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A 10-year review of methadone maintenance for 547 patients admitted to a New York City clinic found that high retention rates, reduced but still high mortality rates, increased employment, and minor degrees of opiate abuse characterized those remaining in treatment.
Abstract: Treated patients appeared to evolve into a unique social and economic class, partly in the drug subculture and partly outside the drug world. Many depended on public assistance for living expenses, methadone treatment, and medical care. An interesting finding was their heavy demand for inpatient hospital care, often for drug-related reasons. A segment of New York City's drug addicts was sequestered in an open-ended treatment process with considerable benefits to themselves and to society. Only a small fraction appeared to gravitate toward full economic support, to discontinuation of methadone, and to an enduring drug-free state. Nonetheless, the clinic had an impressive holding power over subjects admitted for treatment, as reflected in higher net retention rates than those reported by other methadone maintenance treatment centers. The high retention rates resulted in prolonged patient-clinic interaction and provided many opportunities for medical and psychiatric care and for assistance in various economic and social matters. 14 references, 3 tables, and 2 figures
Main Term(s): Drug treatment programs
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Drug dependence; Methadone maintenance; New York
Note: DCC
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