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NCJ Number: 159618 Find in a Library
Title: Developmental Crime Prevention (From Building a Safer Society: Strategic Approaches to Crime Prevention, Volume 19, P 151-236, 1995, Michael Tonry and David P Farrington, eds.)
Author(s): R E Tremblay; W M Craig
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 86
Sponsoring Agency: Great Britain Home Office
London, SW1H 9AT, England
University of Chicago Press
Chicago, IL 60637
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Prevention experiments with children have targeted the development of antisocial behavior and confirm the hypothesis that early childhood factors are important predictors of delinquent behavior and that a cumulative effect model best fits the data.
Abstract: Crime prevention from a developmental perspective is largely based on the idea that criminal activity is determined by behavioral and attitudinal patterns learned during an individual's development. Experiments have aimed to prevent criminal behavior or one of three important juvenile delinquency risk factors: socially disruptive behavior, cognitive deficits, and poor parenting. Experiments with juvenile delinquency as an outcome demonstrate that positive results are most likely when interventions target more than one risk factor, last for a relatively long period of time, and are implemented before adolescence. Experiments featuring early childhood interventions with socially disruptive behavior, cognitive deficits, or parenting as an outcome generally have positive effects. The majority of studies, whether small-scale confirmation or replication experiments, need to be followed by large-scale field experiments to test the efficacy and cost of developmental crime prevention in regular service systems. 183 references, 5 tables, and 3 figures
Main Term(s): Crime prevention measures
Index Term(s): Cause removal crime prevention; Cognitive developmental theory; Crime Causes; Criminology; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prediction; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile delinquency research; Problem behavior; Psychological research
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