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NCJ Number: 159729 Find in a Library
Title: Violence and People With Disabilities: A Review of the Literature
Author(s): M Ticoll
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 97
Sponsoring Agency: Canada National Clearinghouse of Family Violence, Health and Welfare
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 1B5, Canada
Publication Number: ISBN 0-662-22712-3
Sale Source: Canada National Clearinghouse of Family Violence, Health and Welfare
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 1B5,
Canada
Type: Literature Review
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This literature review focuses on how violence against people with disabilities is defined, the kinds of violence that people with disabilities experience, the causes and incidence of this violence, issues relating to disclosure, responses to violence, and prevention issues, with emphasis on issues in Canada.
Abstract: People with disabilities may be more likely than others to experience physical abuse, sexual abuse, psychological and emotional abuse, neglect and acts of omission, and financial exploitation. Among factors contributing to violence against people with disabilities are negative public attitudes toward disability, social isolation of people with disabilities and their families, lack of support for caregivers, gender, poverty, and perceived lack of credibility of people with disabilities when they report abuse. Factors influencing the reporting decision include the significance the victim attaches to the incident, the availability of a physical means of communicating with others, the probability of being believed, and the perceived consequences to the victim's and others' safety as a result of the disclosure. Issues related to the responses to this violence include service environments, community support services, police attitudes, and the nature of the judicial system. The literature makes numerous recommendations for preventing violence against people with disabilities. These include systemic changes to eliminate conditions favoring violence, specific preventive measures in a variety of settings, and measures to ensure effective responses when abuse occurs. Charts and over 250 references
Main Term(s): Victims of violent crime
Index Term(s): Canada; Citizen crime reporting; Persons with Disabilities; Victim reactions to the Criminal Justice System; Victims in foreign countries; Violence causes; Violence prevention
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