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NCJ Number: 159813 Find in a Library
Title: Occupational Skills and Life-Styles of Narcotic Addicts (From Sociological Aspects of Drug Dependence, P 253-279, 1974, Charles Winick, ed.)
Author(s): D N Nurco; M Lerner
Date Published: 1974
Page Count: 27
Sponsoring Agency: CRC Press
New York, NY 10017
Sale Source: CRC Press
711 Third Avenue
New York, NY 10017
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Structured interviews were conducted with 99 male drug addicts in three separate programs in the Baltimore, Maryland, metropolitan area to study the occupational skills and lifestyles of drug addicts.
Abstract: The study population ranged in age from 21 to 35 years and involved 25 percent black and 25 percent white respondents. Personal and demographic characteristics of respondents were assessed. The average age at addiction was 20.4 years for blacks and 19.3 years for whites. Nearly half the respondents were unemployed before addiction. Only 14 of the 99 respondents had been continuously employed for 24 months or longer prior to addiction. The most frequent period of continuous employment varied between 7 and 12 months. About half of the 48 persons who quit their jobs did so of their own volition but for a wide variety of negative reasons. Since addiction usually occurred at a relatively early age, most drug addicts were unemployed before addiction or employed in unskilled jobs. Addiction did not preclude subsequent employment, however, and nearly 80 percent of the respondents engaged in gainful activity after addiction. The most frequently held jobs were in the structural category and were characterized by modest educational demands and physical labor. Formally learned job skills were generally not used, and few vocational rehabilitation services were used either before or after addiction. The transferability of drug addict lifestyles into socially acceptable occupations is discussed, and addiction is viewed as having both social and health dimensions. 5 references and 18 tables
Main Term(s): Drug dependence
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Black/White Crime Comparisons; Caucasian/White Americans; Demography; Drug abuse; Drug offenders; Drug use; Employment-crime relationships; Male offenders; Maryland; Sociological analyses
Note: DCC
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