skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 159889 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Easing Concealed Firearms Laws: Effects on Homicide in Three States
Journal: Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology  Volume:86  Issue:1  Dated:(Fall 1995)  Pages:193-206
Author(s): D McDowall; C Loftin; B Wiersema
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Ctr's for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Atlanta, GA 30333
Grant Number: R49-CCR-306268
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines the impact of the liberalized licensing laws for the carrying of concealed weapons on homicides in Florida, Mississippi, and Oregon.
Abstract: One type of law that applies to licensing for the carrying of a concealed weapon is "may issue" licensing. Under this policy, legal authorities grant licenses only to those citizens who can establish a compelling need for carrying a gun. Another approach is the nondiscretionary or "shall issue" system. Under this policy the authorities must provide a license to any applicant who meets specified criteria. Adoption of a "shall issue" policy usually increases the number of persons with permits to carry concealed guns. This study examines the "shall issue" laws in Florida, Mississippi, and Oregon and their impact on homicides. Similar to existing evaluations of "shall issue" licensing, this study used an interrupted time-series design to estimate average homicide levels before and after "shall issue" policies began. In addition, the study analyzed monthly homicide counts and examined only large urban areas within the three States. To determine whether the laws influenced gun deaths differently, firearm homicides were separated from homicides by other means. For all areas except Miami, the study examined the period between January 1973 and December 1992. The Miami analysis was confined to January 1983 through December 1992. The study results led the authors to two conclusions, one stronger than the other. The stronger conclusion is that "shall issue" laws do not reduce homicides, at least in large urban areas. The weaker conclusion is that "shall issue" laws raise levels of firearms murders. Reasons for these conclusions are discussed, along with implications for policy. 4 tables and 51 footnotes
Main Term(s): Crime prevention measures
Index Term(s): Florida; Gun Control; Gun control legislation; Mississippi; Oregon
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.