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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 160126 Find in a Library
Title: Twin Epidemics of Substance Use and HIV
Corporate Author: National Cmssn on AIDS
United States of America
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: National Cmssn on AIDS
Washington, DC 20006
Sale Source: National Cmssn on AIDS
1730 K Street NW
Suite 815
Washington, DC 20006
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on 2 years of hearings and site visits the National Commission on AIDS concludes that the Federal government has failed to recognize and confront the twin epidemics of drug abuse and HIV infection and that strategy of drug interdiction and increased prison sentences has done nothing to change the situation.
Abstract: Approximately 32 percent of all adult and adolescent AIDS cases are related to intravenous drug use. Of the pediatric AIDS cases related to a mother with HIV infection or who is at risk for it, 70 percent are directly related to maternal exposure to HIV through IV drug use or sex with an intravenous drug user. Seventy-one percent of all female AIDS cases are linked directly or indirectly to intravenous drug use. Nineteen percent of AIDS cases among males are directly linked to intravenous drug use; an additional 7 percent are linked to both homosexual or bisexual contact and intravenous drug use. These twin epidemics transcend all economic, geographic, and racial boundaries; everyone is affected. However, the Office of national Drug Control Policy continues to virtually ignore the link between drug use and HIV infection and to neglect the real public health and treatment measures which could and must be taken to halt the spread. Drug treatment on demand is urgently needed, as are outreach programs that operate needle exchanges and distribute bleach. The Federal Government must coordinate public health and drug treatment on all levels and create and implement a cohesive national plan. Finally, all levels of government and the private sector must work together to address the deep-rooted social and economic problems that promote and sustain drug abuse. List of recommended actions, footnotes, reference notes, and appended figures
Main Term(s): AIDS/HIV prevention
Index Term(s): AIDS/HIV transmission; Drug paraphernalia; Drug prevention programs; Federal programs
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