skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 160303 Find in a Library
Title: Seroprevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Among Inpatient Pretrial Detainees
Journal: Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law  Volume:23  Issue:2  Dated:(1995)  Pages:285-288
Author(s): D Schwartz-Watts; L D Montgomery; D W Morgan
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 4
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This retrospective study used medical records to examine the seroprevalence of HIV among 311 psychiatric inpatients in a forensic pretrial setting in South Carolina.
Abstract: HIV antibody test results were obtained for 74 percent of patients between the ages of 18 and 55 years. The incidence of HIV seropositivity among this sample was 5.5 percent, more than 40 times the incidence for the general population in the State. Intravenous drug use was reported by one-third of the seropositive males. More than 40 percent of the seropositive subjects in this sample were unaware of their serostatus upon admission to the pretrial facility. The findings highlight the importance of early intervention for purposes of treatment and education. The results suggest that mentally ill criminal offenders are at high risk of acquiring HIV infection and should be tested upon intake. 1 table, 1 appendix, and 6 references
Main Term(s): Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS)
Index Term(s): AIDS/HIV in correctional facilities; Corrections; Courts; Pretrial detention; South Carolina
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.