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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 160421 Find in a Library
Title: Reducing School Violence Through Conflict Resolution
Author(s): David W. Johnson; Roger T. Johnson
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 127
Sponsoring Agency: Assoc for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD)
Alexandria, VA 22311-1717
Publication Number: ISBN 0-87120-252-2
Sale Source: Assoc for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD)
1703 N. Beauregard Street
Alexandria, VA 22311-1717
United States of America
Type: Instructional Material
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This book describes an approach for reducing school violence that involves interrelated programs for preventing violence and helping students learn to resolve conflicts constructively.
Abstract: An overview of increasing violence as a concern for schools includes an outline of what is required to implement violence prevention and conflict resolution programs in schools. Requirements are to admit that destructive conflicts are out of control, implement a violence prevention program, become a conflict positive organization, and implement a conflict resolution program. A chapter on violence prevention profiles elements of program to prevent violence and develop positive behavior. It advises that successful programs should have elements that replace violent behavior with nonviolent or positive behavior. This process requires that students change habits, attitudes, values, and perspectives. This involves meeting students' nurturing needs, the development of a cooperative environment, the existence of positive and lasting relationships, the positive use of out-of-school time, school partnerships with parents and the community, and long-term conflict resolution/peer mediation training. Other chapters address the following topics: schools as conflict-positive organizations, approaches to conflict resolution, the creation of a cooperative context, the two basic concerns in a conflict, teaching students to negotiate, mediating conflict among students, arbitration, the implementation of conflict resolution/peer mediation training, and the use of academic controversy to enhance learning. Chapter figures and 123 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Conflict resolution; Crime in schools; School delinquency programs; School influences on crime; School security; Violence; Violence causes; Violence prevention
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