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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 160491 Find in a Library
Title: Conflict Resolution and Peer Mediation: Pathways to Safer Schools
Journal: Childhood Education  Dated:(1994)  Pages:279-282
Author(s): A M Stomfay-Stitz
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 4
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Safer schools can be realize with the use of conflict resolution and peer mediation techniques that enable students to interact with each other in positive ways and resolve their differences.
Abstract: Conflict resolution and peer mediation programs empower students to share responsibility for creating a safe school environment, and mediators help their peers summarize main points of their dispute and identify possible solutions. A primary objective of such programs is to ensure all students learn basic skills required to resolve conflicts. Usually, a guidance counselor or teacher supervises 15 to 20 hours of training. Peer mediators may be nominated by teachers or chosen by peers. One program in Montgomery County, Maryland, emphasizes sensitivity to cultural diversity and provides mediation services for students fluent in Spanish and Vietnamese. Programs have also been implemented in Westchester County, New York, in Charlottesville, Virginia, in West Virginia elementary schools, and in Ann Arbor, Michigan. A model program known as Peace Works provides a student mediation manual that explains basic peer mediation skills. Another model program in Ohio is known as the Ohio Commission on Dispute Resolution and Conflict Management. Several national organizations have disseminated instructional and training materials, including Educators for Social Responsibility, the National Association for Mediation in Education, the National Institute for Dispute Resolution, and the Children's Creative Response to Conflict. Conflict resolution and peer mediation programs offer alternatives to violence school, home, and community settings. The theoretical basis of these programs is discussed. 29 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention programs
Index Term(s): Alternative dispute settlement; Conflict resolution; Crime in schools; Elementary school education; High school education; Maryland; Mediation; Michigan; New York; Ohio; Peer influences on behavior; Public schools; Students; Violence prevention; Virginia; West Virginia
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