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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 160513 Find in a Library
Title: Criminology and Criminalistics Annual
Editor(s): P Laszlo
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 243
Sponsoring Agency: Hungarian Ministry of the Interior
Budapest 1903. Pf314/48, Hungary
Sale Source: Hungarian Ministry of the Interior
Budapest 1903. Pf314/48,
Type: Survey
Language: Hungarian
Country: Hungary
Annotation: This collection of articles focuses on specific Hungarian crime and prevention problems 4 years after the fall of communism.
Abstract: The first article describes Hungary's growing crime problem and advocates more effective crime prevention, especially the American strategy of Community Policing. The second article analyzes changes in social values and economics after the fall of communism and the resulting crime problems in the Central European Region. The following article traces the development of organized crime in Hungary since the 1980's and examines its most prevalent forms: corruption, drug traffic, car thefts, illegal trade of arms and nuclear materials, and money laundering. Next, an analysis of Hungary's growing juvenile crime problem advocates court diversion strategies and community involvement in the juveniles' social reintegration. An article focusing on property crime evaluates three typical offenses in Hungary: theft, fraud, and robbery. One article links Hungarian gang crimes to political events such as the Revolution of 1956 while another article explores alternative sanctions and diversion strategies to decrease the Hungarian prison population. The two final articles focus on the science of criminalistics and one of its methods--offender profiling.
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Foreign crime prevention; Gangs; Organized crime; Political influences
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