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NCJ Number: 160671 Find in a Library
Title: Loosely Coupled Systems and Unlawful Behavior (From Corporate Crime: Contemporary Debates, P 168-177, 1995, Frank Pearce and Laureen Snider, eds. - See NCJ-160666)
Author(s): C Keane
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: University of Toronto Press
Toronto, Ontario M4Y 2W8, Canada
Sale Source: University of Toronto Press
Marketing Manager
10 St. Mary Street
Suite 700
Toronto, Ontario M4Y 2W8,
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This analysis of new corporate forms that involve decentralization concludes that the loose coupling involved in these forms may be a greater source of corporate crime than are traditional organizational forms.
Abstract: General Electric is an example of the traditional large- scale corporate pyramid. Loose coupling confers greater flexibility, cost-effectiveness, responsiveness to markets, and more knowledge of local environments and conditions. However, it can also increase the motivation for and decrease the mechanisms of control over illegal behavior. Companies faced with increasing uncertainty may try illegally to influence external factors through bribery of officials, violation of pollution laws, illegal use of computers, misleading advertising, and price fixing. A loosely coupled system may also lack internal control, leaving it vulnerable to illegal behavior. Contracting out can shift legal liability to other organizations. Numerous examples exist of the potentially disastrous effects of both organizational and individual decoupling on the environment, worker safety, and other factors.
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Corporate crimes; Corporate criminal liability; Organization studies; Regulations compliance
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