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NCJ Number: 160733 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Those Who Discourage Crime (From Crime and Place, P 53-66, 1995, John E Eck and David Weisburd, eds. -- See NCJ-160730)
Author(s): M Felson
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press

National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)
Washington, DC 20036
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 91-IJ-CX-K021
Sale Source: Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)
1120 Connecticut Avenue, NW
Suite 930
Washington, DC 20036
United States of America

Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Even by their simple presence, people can discourage crime from happening at specific times and places, and this direct contact discouragement can occur when "guardians" keep an eye on potential crime targets or when "handlers" do the same for potential offenders.
Abstract: One researcher has suggested an additional discouragement role, "managers" who monitor places. In this context, the routine activity approach can be viewed as two triplets, with potential offenders, targets, and places monitored by guardians, handlers, and managers, respectively. Another researcher notes varying degrees of responsibility for discouraging crime; his ideas are adapted to current purposes, listing four steps of crime discouragement: (1) personal discouragement, exerted by family and friends; (2) assigned discouragement, by those so employed; (3) diffuse discouragement, by those employed but not assigned to that specific task; and (4) general discouragement, by unpaid persons lacking a personal tie or an occupational responsibility. Linking these four steps with the two triplets concept above results in 12 types of crime prevention. 20 references, 3 notes, and 2 tables
Main Term(s): Crime prevention measures
Index Term(s): Crime analysis; Crime control theory; Police crime-prevention; Routine activity theory
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. Crime Prevention Studies, Volume 4
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