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NCJ Number: 160740 Find in a Library
Title: Place, Space, and Police Investigations: Hunting Serial Violent Criminals (From Crime and Place, P 217-235, 1995, John E Eck and David Weisburd, eds. -- See NCJ-160730)
Author(s): D K Rossmo
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press

Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)
Washington, DC 20036
Sale Source: Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)
1120 Connecticut Avenue, NW
Suite 930
Washington, DC 20036
United States of America

Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
,
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Police investigations of serial murder, rape, and arson can be assisted by a geographic perspective on the spatial behavior leading to the crime scene.
Abstract: For any crime to be committed, an intersection must have occurred in both time and place between the offender and the victim. Environmental criminology and the routine activity approach provide a general framework to explain how this intersection occurs. By "inverting" research that has focused on relating crime places to offender residences, locations of a series of crimes can be used to determine where an offender may reside. The probable spatial behavior of the offender can thus be derived from information contained in known crime locations, their geographic connections, and characteristics of surrounding areas. By determining the probability of an offender residing in various areas and displaying these results using isopleth or choropleth maps, police efforts to apprehend criminals can be assisted. This investigative approach is known as geographic profiling. Once a geographic profile has been constructed, various criminal investigative strategies can be employed more effectively and efficiently. 28 references and 3 figures
Main Term(s): Police crime-prevention
Index Term(s): Crime analysis; Crime causes theory; Crime control theory; Crime measurement; Crime patterns; Crime scene; Criminal investigation; Criminology; Geographic distribution of crime; Habitual offenders; Routine activity theory; Violence causes; Violent offenders
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. Crime Prevention Studies, Volume 4
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=160740

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