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NCJ Number: 160794 Find in a Library
Title: Revival of Retribution: Affirming Right and Denying Wrong
Journal: Juvenile and Family Justice Today  Volume:4  Issue:3  Dated:(Winter 1995-1996)  Pages:6-7
Author(s): H Hurst III
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 2
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article summarizes a 1981 paper critically examining trends and changes in juvenile justice policies and assesses the situation in 1996, with emphasis on the implications of the return to classical and punitive concepts.
Abstract: Although the numbers of juvenile status offenders detained in pretrial secure detention facilities declined sharply following the implementation of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, the use of the least restrictive alternative as a principle to guide the disposition of juvenile delinquency cases involving a criminal law violation had disappeared by the early 1980's. States were also considering youthful offender laws; however, they should examine the experience of California and New York before assuming that these laws will control youthful crime. Other trends in the early 1980's were actuarial sentencing, determinate sentences, an emphasis on criminal responsibility for juvenile offenders, the possible elimination of confidentiality of juvenile proceedings, and a lack of attention to juvenile delinquency prevention. As a result of these trends, juvenile justice system policies are similar to those of a century ago. However, the lack of rational analysis of public policies and the strong public support for retribution against children make juvenile justice reform unlikely anytime soon. Photograph
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice policies
Index Term(s): Juvenile justice reform; Juvenile sentencing; Punishment
Note: Abridged version of 1981 article prepared for publication in Today's Delinquent
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