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NCJ Number: 161041 Find in a Library
Title: Validity of Self-Reported Cocaine and Opiate Use Among Arrestees in Five Cities
Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:23  Issue:6  Dated:(1995)  Pages:531-540
Author(s): K McElrath; R Dunham; P Cromwell
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 10
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Because several researchers have examined the validity of self-reported drug use but few studies have focused on factors that affect validity, the current investigation employed Drug Use Forecasting data to identify predictors of valid self-reports among arrestees in five U.S. cities.
Abstract: Data was collected through face-to-face interviews in New York City, Fort Lauderdale, Los Angeles, St. Louis, and Phoenix, at four time periods during 1991. The study used two dependent variables, validity of self-reported opiate use and validity of self-reported cocaine use. Multivariate results showed that factors affecting the misrepresentation of drug use varied by site and by drug category. Thus, the validity of self-reports reflected the environment in which interviews occurred and samples on which they were based. Results also suggested the importance of assessing validity in relation to specific drugs, since factors affecting self-report validity often differed for opiate and cocaine users. Explanations for the findings are offered, and ways of improving the validity of arrestee self- reports are discussed. 20 references, 4 notes, and 4 tables
Main Term(s): Drug use
Index Term(s): Arizona; California; Cocaine; Drug offenders; Drug statistics; Drug Use Forecasting system; Florida; Missouri; New York; Opioids; Self-report studies
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