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NCJ Number: 161095 Find in a Library
Title: Targeting Employment Patterns to Reduce Offender Risk and Need
Journal: Forum on Corrections Research  Volume:8  Issue:1  Dated:January 1996  Pages:22-24
Author(s): L. Motiuk
Date Published: January 1996
Page Count: 3
Document: HTML|PDF
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This study illustrates the value of targeting offender employment as a major risk and need factor throughout Canada's correctional process and demonstrates this practice can lead to more effective and efficient offender case management.
Abstract: The study sought to identify offender employment status at the time of arrest, analyze offender employment needs on admission to prison, and monitor offender employment patterns while under community supervision. Data were collected using the Statistical Information on Recidivism Scale, the Level of Supervision Inventory, and the Community Risk/Needs Management Scale. Study findings revealed a consistent pattern in the distribution of conditional release failures and employment need levels; the greater the offender employment need, the more likely the offender was to fail on conditional release. Most employment variables were significantly associated with prison misconduct, return to prison, and parole violations. It is recommended that correctional systems produce meaningful and accurate offender profiles in order to raise awareness about institutional and community supervision populations and to assemble basic statistics on overall offender risk/need levels and specific offender needs. 8 footnotes and 4 tables
Main Term(s): Corrections in foreign countries
Index Term(s): Canada; Case management; Correctional industries; Corrections effectiveness; Employment; Foreign correctional systems; Foreign inmate programs; Foreign inmates; Foreign offenders; Inmate statistics; Needs assessment; Offender statistics; Recidivism
Note: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, International Crime Statistics Program
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