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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 161132 Find in a Library
Title: Prison and Jail Inmates, 1995
Series: BJS Bulletins
Author(s): D. K. Gilliard; A. J. Beck
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: August 1996
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF|Text
Agency Summary: 
Type: Statistics
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on the advanced year-end count of National Prisoner Statistics and the findings from the 1995 Annual Survey of Jails, this report presents inmate statistics for Federal and State prisons as well as jails.
Abstract: The data show that on December 31, 1995, 1,127,132 inmates were under the jurisdiction of correctional authorities of the 50 States and the District of Columbia (n=1,026,882) and of the Federal Government (n=100,250). Over the 12 preceding months, the Nation's prison population increased by 72,059 prisoners, an increase of 6.8 percent since the end of 1994. State prison systems were operating between 14 percent and 25 percent over their reported capacity; the Federal system was operating 26 percent over its reported capacity. Nearly 30 percent of all inmates in the United States were incarcerated in California (n=135,646), Texas (n=127,766), and New York (n=68,484). On June 30, 1995, the Nation's local jails held or supervised an estimated 541,913 persons. Of that total, 34,869 were in community supervision programs. From mid-year 1994, the number of inmates in local jails increased 4.2 percent, from 486,474 to 507,044. An estimated 7,888 juveniles (under age 18) were held in local jails, an increase of 17 percent from the previous 12 months. More than 75 percent were tried or awaiting trial as adults. Over the 12 preceding months, local jails added space for 41,439 inmates, an annual increase of 8 percent. This added space allowed local jails to operate at 7 percent below their rated capacity. 17 tables
Main Term(s): Inmate statistics
Index Term(s): Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS); Corrections statistics; Federal prisoners; Jails; State correctional facilities
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