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NCJ Number: 161421 Find in a Library
Title: Impact of Substance Abuse Upon Criminal Careers
Author(s): E D Wish; B D Johnson
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 47
Sponsoring Agency: National Development and Research Institute, Inc. (NDRI)
New York, NY 10010
National Research Council
Washington, DC 20001
Sale Source: National Development and Research Institute, Inc. (NDRI)
71 West 23rd Street
New York, NY 10010
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper contains information on how illicit drug use affects the parameters of a criminal career, especially the crime rate, and suggests directions for additional research.
Abstract: Research for this paper developed six major findings: (1) Studies of persons who have been arrested and processed in the criminal justice system, unapprehended criminals, and persons in drug treatment programs indicate that higher levels of illicit drug use (especially of heroin and cocaine) are accompanied by higher levels of criminal activity, both drug distribution offenses and other serious offenses not related to drugs. (2) Among youth in the general population, the small subset who use cocaine, heroin or pills for nonmedical reasons account for a disproportionate amount of all juvenile crime. (3) Persons in the United States who use illicit drugs enough to have associated legal problems tend to be so enmeshed in other deviance and adjustment problems as to make difficult, if not impossible, determination of the exact sequence of the onset of drug use and criminal behavior. (4) Chronic users of heroin and cocaine who are repeatedly processed through the criminal justice system typically engage in a variety of crimes and distribution activities. (5) Treatment programs can reduce drug abuse and crime if the offender remains in treatment. (6) Urinalysis tests appear to be an effective tool for identifying drug-using arrestees, but further research is needed on how to use this information. Tables, appendixes, references
Main Term(s): Controlled Substances
Index Term(s): Cocaine; Criminology; Drug abuse; Drug Related Crime; Drug treatment; Heroin; Juvenile crime statistical analysis; Statistics; Urinalysis
Note: DCC
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