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NCJ Number: 161538 Find in a Library
Title: Personality Theory and the Problem of Criminality (From Criminological Perspectives: A Reader, P 81-98, 1996, John Muncie, Eugene McLaughlin, and Mary Langan, eds. -- See NCJ- 161531)
Author(s): H J Eysenck
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications Ltd
London, EC2A 4PU, England
Sale Source: Sage Publications Ltd
6 Bonhill Street
London, EC2A 4PU,
United Kingdom
Type: Literature Review
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This essay reviews the research literature to examine whether or not personality factors have a connection with criminal behavior.
Abstract: The discussion of three major dimensions of personality is based on a review of hundreds of correlational and factor analytic studies in a number of countries. Royce and Powell (1983) have summarized and reanalyzed these data and confirm the theory developed by Eysenck and Eysenck (1976) that these three factors deal with social interactions (extraversion- introversion); emotional reactions and anxieties (neuroticism); and aggressive and egocentric impulses and their control (psychoticism). Traits that characterize the psychoticism factor are being aggressive, cold, egocentric, impersonal, impulsive, antisocial, unemphatic, creative, and tough-minded. Persons with the extraversion factor are sociable, lively, active, assertive, sensation-seeking, carefree, dominant, and venturesome. Persons influenced by the neuroticism factor are anxious, depressed, plagued with guilt feelings, possessed by low self-esteem, and are tense, irrational, shy, moody, and emotional. This study reviews descriptive studies that focus on the relationship between antisocial and criminal behavior on the one hand and the major personality dimensions and their traits on the other hand. This review found that identical findings have been reported from the German and English-speaking literature. The author concludes that personality and antisocial and criminal behavior correlate in different countries. 5 figures and 82 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Biological influences; Crime causes theory; Individual behavior; Personality
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. Abridged from "Applying Psychology to Imprisonment," P 30- 31, 34-46, 1987.
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=161538

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