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NCJ Number: 161549 Find in a Library
Title: Social Crime Prevention Strategies in a Market Society (From Criminological Perspectives: A Reader, P 343-354, 1996, John Muncie, Eugene McLaughlin, and Mary Langan, eds. -- See NCJ- 161531)
Author(s): E Currie
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications Ltd
London, EC2A 4PU, England
Sale Source: Sage Publications Ltd
6 Bonhill Street
London, EC2A 4PU,
United Kingdom
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: After defining the "market society" and discussing how it stimulates an increase in crime, this essay proposes some strategies to prevent crime in a market society.
Abstract: In "market society," all other principles of social organization become subordinated to the primary goal of private gain. Alternative sources of livelihood, of social support, and of cultural value, even of personal identity, become increasingly eroded or obliterated. Such a society promotes crime by increasing economic and social inequality and the concentration of economic deprivation. Further, market society promotes crime by weakening the capacity of local communities for informal support, mutual provision, and the socialization and supervision of children and youth. Market society also influences crime by increasing stress on and the fragmentation of the family. Other criminogenic consequences of the market society are the withdrawal of public services for those it has already stripped of livelihoods, economic security, and informal communal support, as well as the magnification of a culture of competition for status and dwindling resources, while promoting consumption that is not affordable for many. The proposed strategies to counter these criminogenic influences in a market society include public help in increasing wages and training people to perform higher paying jobs, a reduction in the conflict between families and work, child and family support programs, an increase in positive opportunities for youth, and a "user-friendly" approach to drug abuse prevention and treatment.
Main Term(s): Crime prevention measures
Index Term(s): Capitalism; Economic influences
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. Abridged from "International Developments in Crime and Social Policy," P 107-120, 1991.
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