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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 161559 Find in a Library
Title: Correctional Populations in the United States, 1994: Executive Summary
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: An estimated 5.1 million adults were under some form of correctional supervision in 1994; nearly three-quarters of these people were on probation or parole.
Abstract: The number of persons under correctional care or supervision amounted to abut 2.7 percent of the adult resident population in 1994, compared to 1.1 percent in 1980. Local jails held an estimated 484,000 adults on June 30, 1994. Ninety percent were males. Thirty-nine percent were white, 44 percent were black and 15 percent were Hispanic. Nearly 3 million adults were on probation on December 31, 1994. Approximately 20 percent of the probationers were female. About 66 percent of probationers were white, and 32 percent were black. Sixty percent of persons discharged from probation had successfully completed their sentences. An estimated 992,000 adults were inmates of State and Federal prisons at the end of 1994. About 94 percent of the prisoners were male, 47 percent were white, and 51 percent were black. An estimated 690,000 adults were on parole at the end of 1994. During 1994, 306 inmates were received under sentence of death by State and Federal prisons, and 112 had their death sentences removed by means other than execution. The Army, Marine Corps, and Navy held a total of 2,782 prisoners in 33 facilities at the end of 1994; a total of 453 Air Force personnel were held by other branches of the military service. Figures
Main Term(s): Corrections statistics
Index Term(s): Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS); Corrections trends
Note: BJS Executive Summary, July 1996.
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