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NCJ Number: 161713 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Relationships Among Family Characteristics and Violent Behavior by Black and White Male Adolescents
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:25  Issue:2  Dated:(1996)  Pages:177-197
Author(s): M J Paschall; S T Ennett; R L Flewelling
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: R01 DA07037
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The effects of family structure, attachment to parents, and family stress and conflict on self-reported fighting behavior in black and white male adolescents were studied using data from 163 black and 397 white male 7th and 8th graders.
Abstract: The youths completed self-administered questionnaires that took approximately 35 minutes to complete. Results revealed that compared to white males, black males were exposed to an excess of risk factors for violent behavior, including living in a single-parent household and higher levels of family stress and conflict. Although both groups reported similar levels of past-year fighting, black youths were more likely than white youths to report attacking someone or being attacked by someone at school during the prior month. Controlling for age, area of residence, and other family characteristics, logistic regression analyses indicated that living in a family that was not intact was a significant risk factor for violent behavior among black male youth, while attachment to parents was a significant protective factor for white males. Family stress and conflict was a risk factor for violent behavior in both groups of adolescents. Results support the importance of the family in understanding violent behavior by black and white male adolescents. Results also support violence prevention programs targeting black males that include efforts such as mentoring programs to mitigate the potentially negative influence of households with absent fathers. Findings also indicate that providing more economic and educational opportunities for black men may serve as an indirect means of preventing youth violence by facilitating intact family formation and stability. Figure, tables, and 42 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Black/White Attitude Comparisons; Black/White Crime Comparisons; Criminology; Domestic relations; Home environment; Parent-Child Relations; Violence causes
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