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NCJ Number: 161727 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Throwing a Spotlight on the Developmental Outcomes for Children: Findings of a Seventeen-Year Follow-Up Study (From Children in the Shadows: The Face of Children in Neglecting Families, P 113-126, 1995, Esther Wattenberg, ed. -- See NCJ-161723)
Author(s): M F Erickson; B Egeland
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, MN 55455
Grant Number: MH40864
Sale Source: University of Minnesota
Ctr for Urban and Regional Affairs
330 HHH Ctr
301 19th Ave. S.
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The Minnesota Mother-Child Interaction Research Project is an ongoing longitudinal study of high-risk children and their families; the project traces the development of children and families, examining both antecedents and consequences of good and poor quality care.
Abstract: The project identified certain factors that placed children at risk for poor developmental outcomes and parents at risk for maltreating their children: family poverty level, mother's age at time of birth, low maternal education level, marital status, and stressful life circumstances. Further, the project established four maltreatment groups: physical abuse, neglect, verbal rejection, and psychological unavailability (emotional neglect). Of a sample of 267 children, 44 were physically abused, neglected, abandoned, or otherwise maltreated during the first 2 years of life; 24 families neglected their children. These parents did not provide for the physical needs of children (food, clothing, shelter, and medical care). In addition, home physical environments were often unsafe for young children, and children were not adequately supervised or protected. Assessments of children at 12, 18, 24, 42, and 54 months revealed a high incidence of child neglect, physical abuse, and other forms of maltreatment. The failure of caretakers to provide the necessary emotional responsiveness had devastating effects on early child development. For example, neglected children had difficulty coping with academic and social demands of school. Developmental outcomes for emotionally neglected children differed somewhat from those for physically neglected children; emotionally neglected children were more likely to show signs of psychological maladjustment and pathology. In general, maltreating mothers did not understand their child's behavior and the complexities of parent-child relationships. The need to prevent child neglect, taking into account personal and environmental variables, is discussed. 7 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile dependency and neglect
Index Term(s): Abused children; Child abuse; Child abuse prevention; Child development; Children at risk; Emotional Abuse/Harm; Juvenile victims; Longitudinal studies; Minnesota; Parent-Child Relations; Psychological research; Psychological victimization effects; Social conditions
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. Proceedings of a conference at the University of Minnesota, 1994, Minneapolis
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