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NCJ Number: 161745 Find in a Library
Title: Toward a Biopsychosocial Model of Domestic Violence
Journal: Journal of Marriage and the Family  Volume:57  Issue:2  Dated:(May 1995)  Pages:307-320
Author(s): P C McKenry; T W Julian; S M Gavazzi
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 14
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: One hundred two married men and their wives or common- law wives were interviewed and physically assessed to develop a biopsychosocial model of domestic assault committed by males.
Abstract: Participants were purposefully recruited through mental health center and therapist referrals and through newspaper advertisements in a large midwestern city. Tobit analysis was used to identify significant predictors of domestic assault. Results revealed that 34 of the pairs were identified as violent, and 68 were identified as nonviolent according to scores on the Conflict/Tactics Scale. Results also revealed that when examined separately, each conceptual domain was significantly related to the domestic assault. However, in the full model, only the biological and social domains were statistically significant. Significant independent variables included alcohol, family income, and relationship quality; levels testosterone approached significance an independent variable. Findings provide some support for a biopsychosocial approach to the understanding of domestic violence and indicate that the best estimates of violence probability are the social variables. Tables and 90 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Victims of violent crime
Index Term(s): Abusing spouses; Biological influences; Domestic assault; Domestic assault prevention; Male offenders; Models; Spouse abuse causes; Violent men
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