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NCJ Number: 161775 Find in a Library
Title: Use of Contextual Analysis in Models of Criminal Behavior (From Delinquency and Crime: Current Theories, P 236-267, 1996, J. David Hawkins, ed. -- See NCJ-161769)
Author(s): R J Bursik Jr; H G Grasmick
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 32
Sponsoring Agency: Cambridge University Press
New York, NY 10011-4211
Sale Source: Cambridge University Press
Journal Division
40 West 20th Street
New York, NY 10011-4211
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter examines the theoretical issues that must be resolved for a contextual model to be meaningful in criminology; discusses the primary contemporary techniques of contextual analysis; and reviews and evaluates in terms of the issues raised earlier in the chapter contextual studies that have appeared in criminology.
Abstract: This chapter emphasizes the relevance of contextual models to the growth of criminological theory. Such models present problems of theoretical specification, measurement, and analysis that are not present in studies that focus on only a single level of analysis and, consequently, only a few studies have addressed the contextual effect issue. While the results that have emerged tend to support the contextual hypothesis, the magnitudes of some of these effects have been fairly weak. Because of the sporadic nature of these studies and the variety of study designs and analytic techniques, any general conclusions concerning the nature of contextual effects would be very premature. Nevertheless, most of the major contemporary criminological paradigms are at least implicitly contextual, and the development of a full criminology depends on resolution of the problems mentioned above. Footnotes, references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Behavioral science research; Criminology theory evaluation; Deviance; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile Delinquent behavior; Recidivism; Socioeconomic causes of delinquency; Theory; Victimization risk
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