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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 161826 Find in a Library
Title: Urban Police in the United States (From Crime History and Histories of Crime: Studies in the Historiography of Crime and Criminal Justice in Modern History, P 201-228, 1996, Clive Emsley and Louis A Knafla, eds. -- See NCJ-161818)
Author(s): E H Monkkonen
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: Greenwood Publishing Group
Westport, CT 06881-5007
Sale Source: Greenwood Publishing Group
88 Post Road West
P.O. Box 5007
Westport, CT 06881-5007
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper reviews trends in recent research on the history of urban police in the United States, with emphasis on the areas in which substantive gains have been made; the chapter focuses on areas in which there is new knowledge rather than on the writing of a new history of policing.
Abstract: The new studies that are the focus of this paper have deepened understanding of the origins of the police, their functional roles, their relationship to criminal behavior and public order, police organizations as employers as well as controllers of labor, the police professionalization movement, the complex and unique situating of police in the larger political order, and the growth and change of non-urban police. In addition, research has provide a clearer picture of police as they became regular components of the urban-service section and essential participants in the criminal justice system. The first two sections of this paper summarize the author's book on the police, supplementing its research and analysis with other new and relevant work. The first section of the paper emphasizes social and political innovation represented in policing, and the second section emphasizes that the fundamental aspect of U.S. policing as components of local governments has made police a part of urban services. In the third section, the author turns to new research publications, addressing police as employers and police relations with organized labor. The fourth section turns to those issues in police reform that have attracted historical research, and the fifth section addresses policy issues in the context of a Federal political system. The final section suggests future research needs and directions. 2 figures and 96 notes
Main Term(s): History of policing
Index Term(s): Intergovernmental relations; Police reform; Police-labor relations; Urban policing
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