skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 161930 Find in a Library
Title: Affective Orientations of Perpetrators, Victims, and Functional Spouses
Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence  Volume:11  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1996)  Pages:141-161
Author(s): P Yelsma
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 21
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the association among five constructs of affective orientation across three groups of subjects: spousal abusers, victims of spousal abuse, and functional spouses (nonabusing spouses).
Abstract: The first group consisted of 79 abusive persons in battering programs who were undergoing therapy for physically abusing their partners. The second group consisted of 57 victimized persons who were receiving services from four protective shelters and three counseling agencies. The third group consisted of 70 husbands and wives (35 couples) perceived by contact persons to have nonabusive relationships. Self-report measures were used to assess five affective orientations: alexithymia (lack of words for expressing emotions), affective orientation, range of positive feelings, expression of positive affect, and expression of negative affect. The findings show that perpetrators were significantly more alexithymic than functional spouses, but were not significantly different from victims. Perpetrators and victims reported being less disposed to possess or express their feelings than did functional males and females. Male perpetrators were significantly less aware of their affective states than functional males; and female victims were significantly less aware of their affective states than functional females. Female victims had significantly fewer positive feelings than functional women. Expression of positive emotions was significantly less for female victims than for functional females. Deficit of positive affect compared to the presence of negative affect was a significant indicator of physical abuse reported within intimate relationships. 77 references
Main Term(s): Victims of violent crime
Index Term(s): Abusing spouses; Offender attitudes; Offender profiles; Spouse abuse causes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.