skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 161991 Find in a Library
Title: Study of School Disturbance in the United States: A Twentieth Century Perspective
Author(s): G A Crews
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 196
Sponsoring Agency: Midlands Technical College
Columbia, SC 29202
Sale Source: Midlands Technical College
P.O. Box 2408
Columbia, SC 29202
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines the evolution of school disturbance from post-World War II (1945) to the present (1995) and determines the current extent of violence in the schools of the United States.
Abstract: The study uses a descriptive methodology to obtain relevant information; a review of the literature is the principal means of collecting data. For this research, "school disturbance" is defined as "the action of any individual willfully or unnecessarily to interfere with or disturb in any way or in any place the students or teachers of any school, to loiter about such school premises, or to act in any obnoxious manner thereon; and for any person to enter upon any such school premises or to loiter around the premises, except on business, without the permission of the principal." "Disorderly conduct" is defined as "behavior that tends to disturb the public peace of decorum, scandalize the community, or shock the public sense of morality." Following an introduction that addresses the study's purpose and the significance, limitations, and design of the study, Part II provides an overview of school disturbance in the United States and discusses the extent of school disturbances as well as possible causes of school disturbances. Part II focuses on the years 1945 to 1969. Areas of transition considered are social transitions, crime rate trends, and school disturbance characteristics. Part IV focuses on 1970 to 1995 ("Civil Rights to the Information Age"). It also considers social transitions, crime rate trends, and school disturbance characteristics. Part V addresses possible solutions to school disturbances. Overall, the findings show that although the school seeks to achieve change through increased education that produces expanded economic opportunity, it is also a reliable mirror image of the society, reflecting whatever is positive and negative in the social setting; therefore, if a social behavior such as violence could be found in society, it was certain to be present to some degree in the schools of the United States. In the 1990's teachers report that the most serious problems they face are lack of parent involvement and student apathy. Possession of guns and drive-by shooting often do not make survey results lists. Sexual harassment and bullying are reported more often than shootings and muggings. Recommendations for reducing school disturbance consist of recommendations for the larger society, recommendations for parents, recommendations for schools, and recommendations for further research and investigation. 168 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Crime in schools; School delinquency programs; School discipline; Violence
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.