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NCJ Number: 162027 Find in a Library
Title: Crime Takes a Holiday in Milan
Journal: Crime and Delinquency  Volume:42  Issue:2  Dated:(April 1996)  Pages:269- 278
Author(s): F E Zimring; A Ceretti; L Broli
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 10
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The significant decline in crime of all kinds in Milan, Italy in the vacation month of August is analyzed and contrasted with the lack of major seasonal variation in offenses in United States cities.
Abstract: The analysis focused on five forms of crime in Milan in August 1992: noncontact theft, purse snatching, pickpocketing, robbery, and homicide. These five categories are the standard ones used by the Milan police and are the equivalent of the index crime category in the United States. The analysis revealed that in Milan, crime of all kinds declines by about half in August. In contrast, data from San Francisco, which is similar to the pattern in the United States, revealed that the lowest month had 82 percent of the crime volume of the monthly average for 1992. Because the opportunities to commit offenses do not drop precipitously, the Milan pattern suggests that crime rates drop because offenders voluntarily reduce the level of their criminal activity. This propensity of offenders to take time off in August reflects Italian social values and illustrates the important relationship between general cultural patterns and crime patterns. Figures, notes, and 3 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Cultural influences; Italy; Seasonal influences on crime; US/foreign comparisons
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