skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 162101 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Risks, Fixers, and Zeal: Implementing Experimental Treatments for Violent Juvenile Offenders
Journal: Prison Journal  Volume:76  Issue:1  Dated:(March 1996)  Pages:22-59
Author(s): J Fagan; M Forst
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 38
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 85-MU-AX-C001
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This evaluation assessed the implementation and outcomes of the Violent Juvenile Offender Research and Development Program at four sites: Memphis, Tenn.; Newark, N.J.; Boston; and Detroit.
Abstract: The intervention model integrated strain, control, and learning theories of delinquent behavior and measured its impact on the recidivism and social outcomes compared to those of juveniles in mainstream juvenile corrections programs. The program design included a multiple-phase program, theoretical principles, structural elements, and the intervention strategies. Program components focused on social networking, the provision of youth opportunities, social learning, and goal-oriented behaviors. The structural elements included components to implement the underlying principles and deliver the specific treatment interventions. Data on program implementation were obtained through participant observation, staff questionnaires, youth interviews, and archival data. Differences among host agencies were identified as possible influences on model implementation. The alignment of influential staff within agencies, the complexity and centralization of decisionmaking, and the culture of "rule compliance" within the agencies contributed to variations in organization that in turn mitigated implementation outcomes. Findings show that recidivism rates were lower in the Detroit and Boston programs, those with the strongest overall implementation. In the Memphis program, where there was stronger implementation of the theoretical and structural elements in the control group, recidivism rates were lower where implementation of the experimental intervention was strongest. In Newark, where implementation was weak in all areas, there were no effects. The evaluation concludes that the effectiveness of correctional interventions reflects the strength of the treatments they use, and this strength directly reflects the outcomes of their implementation efforts. 3 tables, 6 figures, 5 notes, and 48 references
Main Term(s): Violent juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Juvenile treatment methods; OJJDP grant-related documents; Program implementation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.