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NCJ Number: 162179 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Narcotics and Crime: A Causal Modeling Approach
Journal: Journal of Quantitative Criminology  Volume:2  Issue:1  Dated:(1986)  Pages:3-28
Author(s): G Speckart; M D Anglin
Date Published: 1986
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 84-IJ-CX-0038; DA03425; DA03425
Type: Test/Measurement
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines the relationships between narcotics use and criminality using a confirmatory structural equation modeling approach.
Abstract: Latent-variable and manifest-variable models are used to represent causal relationships between narcotics use and criminality in both the postaddiction and the pretreatment periods of the addiction career. Latent-variable models include a preexisting deviance construct as an exogenous factor, and manifest-variable models include a measure of drug trafficking, or dealing, as an influencing variable. Both inclusions are made as an attempt to minimize specification error in the models. The results are consistent in showing that, while simultaneous relationships between narcotics and criminality are clearly demonstrable, the prediction of either variable from the other across time cannot be demonstrated. It is concluded that causal relationships between narcotics and criminality are probably not characterized by an appreciable or identifiable time lag. Other theoretical considerations suggested by the modeling results are discussed, such as the role of idiosyncratic approaches to the economics of maintaining addiction. Figures, tables, references
Main Term(s): Drug Related Crime
Index Term(s): Causal models; Controlled Substances; Crime causes theory; Criminology; Drug law offenses; Evaluative research; Modeling techniques; Research design models; Statistics
Note: DCC
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