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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 162235 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Processing in Dallas County
Corporate Author: Texas Criminal Justice Policy Council
United States of America
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 49
Sponsoring Agency: Texas Criminal Justice Policy Council
Austin, TX 78711
Sale Source: Texas Criminal Justice Policy Council
P.O. Box 13332, Capitol Station
Austin, TX 78711
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The processing of juvenile offenders by the Dallas County (Tex.) juvenile probation system is examined, with emphasis on the racial composition of the juvenile probation population.
Abstract: An analysis of the Dallas County rate of juvenile arrests, referrals to the probation department, formal dispositions, and commitments to the Texas Youth Commission revealed that the Dallas rates were similar to statewide patterns, as well as the rates in the other most populous counties. The racial composition of arrests and referrals in Dallas County also followed statewide patterns. Statewide and in all counties, the percentage of black and Hispanic juveniles arrested and referred was higher than their representation in the general population. In Dallas County, 38 percent of black youth, 29 percent of Hispanic youth, and 20 percent of white youth were adjudicated and disposed by the court. In contrast, informal dispositions divert youths from the juvenile court. The nature of the referrals make it more likely for blacks to be disposed formally; blacks represented 47 percent of referrals but 70 percent of all referrals for drug law offenses, 60 percent of all referrals for violent offenses, and 59 percent of referrals for violations of probation. Fourteen percent of females and 35 percent of males were disposed formally. The lower percentage of females among blacks referred than among other racial groups also make it more likely for blacks as a group to have a higher proportion of their referrals disposed formally. Figures and tables
Main Term(s): Juvenile statistics
Index Term(s): Juvenile probationers; Juvenile processing; Race-crime relationships; Texas
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