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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 162320 Find in a Library
Title: Self-Reported Drug Use Among Recently Admitted Jail Inmates: Estimating Prevalence and Treatment Needs
Journal: Substance Use & Misuse  Volume:31  Issue:4  Dated:(March 1996)  Pages:423-435
Author(s): D Farabee; E Fredlund
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 13
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper compares self-reported recent cocaine use among recently admitted jail inmates with hair assay results screened for 90 days.
Abstract: Contrasts between self-reported use and hair assay results are examined with special attention to individual differences, interviewers' ratings of truthfulness for each respondent, and whether or not the respondent qualified as being substance dependent. Results show that the likelihood of admitting cocaine use was positively related to having received drug misuse treatment before, and negatively related to being Hispanic. Evidence is also presented which indicates that the lower levels of disclosure among Hispanics may have been the result of poor communication. Interviewers proved to be relatively adept at discerning which respondents were truthful. Some results suggest that, despite considerable underreporting among the overall sample, subjects who actually qualified as being substance dependent were much more likely to honestly report cocaine use. Tables, references, abstracts in Spanish and French
Main Term(s): Controlled Substances
Index Term(s): Behavioral science research; Cocaine; Corrections; Data collections; Drug-abusing inmates; Hair and fiber analysis; Hispanic Americans; Inmates as research subjects; Self-report studies
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