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NCJ Number: 162469 Find in a Library
Title: On the Razor's Edge: The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
Journal: Studies in Conflict and Terrorism  Volume:19  Issue:1  Dated:(January-March 1996)  Pages:19-42
Author(s): M Joshi
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 24
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper profiles the guerilla/terrorist group the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam in Sri Lanka, including its ideology, tactics, and countermeasures by the government.
Abstract: The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) represent the minority Tamil community, fighting for an Eelam, or homeland in the northern and eastern provinces of Sri Lanka. Led by V. Pirabhakaran, the group started as a small (40- to 50-man) outfit in the early 1980's but has since grown to an organization of several thousand. A unique, if macabre, feature of its tactics has been the use of suicide commandos, both men and women, some in their early teens, for individual assassination as well as mass attacks. A former Indian prime minister, a Sri Lankan president, and several top aides have been targeted and killed in this way. The LTTE has not hesitated to kill prominent Sinhala civilians. Between 1987 and 1990 LTTE fought the Indian Army, which was sent to disarm it as part of an Indian-Sri Lankan agreement. After the Indian pullout in 1990, the organization used a suicide bomber to carry out the assassination of former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. Thereafter, Indian authorities unravelled a well-organized network of safe houses, supporters, and logistic depots in Tamil Nadu. India maintains a strict naval cordon sanitaire around the area of conflict, which shows no signs of abating. 52 notes
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Sri Lanka; Terrorist ideologies; Terrorist tactics
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