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NCJ Number: 162604 Find in a Library
Title: New Form of International Crime: The Human Organ Trade
Journal: International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice  Volume:19  Issue:1  Dated:(Spring 1995)  Pages:1-18
Author(s): D H Chang
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 18
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines the trading of human organs and how it relates to the criminological theories of anomie and the theory of organized crime, and offers possible solutions.
Abstract: India has become known as the organ capital of the world, because its large population of poor people is a ready source of organs for sale; there are hospitals and clinics that will perform transplant operations for other than humanitarian reasons; and business-minded middlemen are ready to bring recipients, donors, and clinics together for profit. Legitimate organ procurement agencies and the medical community must adopt new strategies to increase the supply of transplantable organs by encouraging more individuals and families to donate organs and by compensating them, in ways other than cash payments, for so doing. One controversial strategy is the doctrine of presumed consent, whereby a hospital or organ clinic could harvest organs for transplant unless such action has been explicitly forbidden by the patient prior to death or the patient's family after death. References, appendix
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Behavioral and Social Sciences; Crime causes theory; Cross-cultural theories; Economic analysis of crime; Forensic medicine; India; Medicolegal considerations; Organized crime
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