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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 162631 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: National Pregnancy and Health Survey
Corporate Author: Westat
United States of America
Project Director: D Cadell
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 461
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Rockville, MD 20850
Contract Number: 271-90-5303
Publication Number: 96-3819
Sale Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse
National Institutes of Health
6001 Executive Boulevard, Room 5213
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report provides extensive information on the prevalence and patterns of the prenatal use of common illicit drugs, alcohol, and cigarettes among women delivering live-born infants in the United States during 1992.
Abstract: Estimates based on questionnaire responses are presented of the percentage and number of women who used selected substances during their lifetime and in specific time periods over the 12 months preceding delivery. The report also examines patterns of substance use by race/ethnic group, age, and other characteristics of the mother, and trends in the rates of use over the past year. In addition, estimates made from tests of urine specimens for illicit drugs are compared with rates of recent drug use based on self-reports. The following are some of the key findings from the report: (1) An estimated 5.5 percent, or 221,000 women, used an illicit drug at least once during pregnancy; (2) Marijuana was used by 2.9 percent, cocaine by 1.1 percent, and a psychotherapeutic medication without physician orders by 1.5 percent; and (3) Overall and within race/ethnic groups, rates of use during pregnancy of marijuana, cocaine, and cigarettes often were significantly higher for women who were not married, currently not employed, had less than 16 years of formal education, or relied on public aid for payment of the hospital. Figures, tables, exhibits, appendixes
Main Term(s): Controlled Substances
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Behavior patterns; Cocaine; Crack; Drug abuse; Marijuana; Pregnant drug abusers; Statistics; Urinalysis
Note: DCC
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